What Are Speech and Language Difficulties? - speech and language disorders, speech disorders, speaking problems

Speech is the practice of making particular sounds that convey meaning to the listener. A speech condition refers to any kind of problem that influences an individual’s capability to produce sounds that create words.

Speech is one of the primary means by which people convey their thoughts, feelings, and conceptions to other people. Perfect coordination of many bodily components, including those in the head, neck, chest, and abdomen, is necessary for speaking. 

The various types of speech impairment issues are covered in this article, along with their characteristics. The signs, underlying causes, medical diagnosis, and speech and language disorders will also be covered.

What is a speech condition?

Speech problems affect a person’s ability to generate the sounds necessary for social interaction. They are not comparable to language distinctions.

Speech disorders prevent individuals from developing proper speech sounds, while language conditions influence an individual’s ability to find words or recognize what others state to them.

However, people may find it more difficult to communicate their thoughts and feelings to others if they have a speech or language issue.

Types of Speech Disorders

Speech disorders can impact people of any age.

Some kinds of speech conditions consist of stuttering, apraxia, and also dysarthria. We go over each of these kinds listed below (List of speech disorders):


Stammering refers to a speech problem that interrupts the circulation of speech. Individuals that stutter can experience the list below kinds of interruption:

  • Repeatings occur when individuals involuntarily repeat sounds, vowels, or words.
  • Blocks take place when individuals know what they intend to claim however have difficulty making the required speech sounds. When suffering blocks, one may actually feel as though their words are locked.
  • Prolongations describe the extending or extracting of particular audios or words.

Depending on factors, the stuttering signs can differ. Tension, enjoyment, or irritation can trigger stuttering to end up being extra severe. Some individuals might additionally find that specific words or noises can make a stutter a lot more noticable.

Stuttering can trigger both behavioral and physical signs that take place at the same time. These include:

  • Possibility of tightness in the shoulders and face.
  • Rapid blinking
  • Lip shakes
  • Clenched fists
  • Sudden head motions

The two primary types of stuttering:

Developmental stuttering:  Young children with developmental stuttering struggle to learn speech and language skills. The risk that someone may experience this kind of stutter is greatly increased by hereditary factors. 

Neurogenic stuttering: When damage to the brain prohibits proper synchronization between the various speech-related brain regions, it results in neurogenic stuttering.

The brain manages each and every single activity that individuals do, including speaking. The mind plays a significant unconscious and automatic role in speaking. 

The different physical parts that cooperate to make speech receive signals from the brain when someone decides to speak. The brain advises these frameworks just how as well as when to move to develop the ideal sounds.

For instance, these speech signals open or shut the singing cords, relocate the tongue and also shape the lips, as well as control the movement of air via the throat and also mouth.

Apraxia is a general term describing brain damage that hinders a person’s electric motor abilities, as well as it can affect any kind of part of the body. Apraxia of speech, or verbal apraxia, refers especially to the impairment of electric motor abilities that influence a person’s capacity to create the sounds of speech appropriately, even when they understand which words they intend to state.

Read more: Hearing Loss, It’s Impact And How To Respond


When the muscles of a person’s face, lips, tongue, throat, or chest become weak due to brain injury, it is called dysarthria. Speaking may be difficult due to weak spots in various bodily regions’ muscle mass.

People that have dysarthria might experience the adhering to signs and symptoms:

  • slurred speech
  • mumbling
  • speaking as well gradually or also quickly
  • soft or peaceful speech
  • problem moving the mouth or tongue

Signs and symptoms

The signs of speech conditions differ widely relying on the reason and also severity of the disorder. There are various speech disorders that people might develop, each with its own symptoms.

People with multiple speech issues may show some of the following symptoms:x

  • delaying or repeating sounds
  • distorted audios
  • sounds of vowels to phrases
  • changing syllables
  • having trouble accurately pronouncing words
  • having difficulty saying or making the appropriate noise
  • consulting with a hoarse or raspy voice
  • talking very gently

Causes of Speech and Language Disorders

Among the causes of speech difficulties are:

  • cerebral damage caused by a hemorrhage or head injury
  • Muscle sluggishness
  • vocal cord injury
  • a deteriorating disease, including such amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or Huntington’s disease
  • dementia
  • throat- or mouth-related cancer
  • autism
  • Down syndrome
  • hearing loss

Danger factors that can enhance the chance of a person developing a speech condition consist of:

  • being male
  • being born too soon
  • being born underweight
  • a history of speech difficulties in the family
  • having issues with the throat, nose, or ears

Read more: What Are Cochlear Implants And How Does It Help A Hearing Impaired?


A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is a medical professional who specialises in treating speech and language disorders.

An SLP will certainly evaluate a person for teams of signs and symptoms that suggest one kind of speech condition. To make an accurate medical diagnosis, SLPs need to dismiss other speech and also language problems as well as clinical conditions.

An SLP will certainly evaluate a person’s clinical as well as family history. They will likewise analyze how an individual relocates their lips, jaw, as well as tongue and also may inspect the muscles of the mouth and also throat.

Various other approaches of reviewing speaking problems include:

Denver expression testing assessment. This examination examines the clearness of a person’s pronunciation.

Prosody-voice testing profile. SLPs utilize this test to examine a variety of aspects of a speaker’s speech, such as pitch, word choice, speech patterns, and talking volume.

Dynamic examination of motor speech abilities (DEMSS) guidebook. For SLPs to identify speech abnormalities, the DEMSS provides a thorough overview.


The type of therapy will normally depend upon the extent of the speech problem and its hidden cause.

Therapy choices can consist of:

speech therapy exercises that concentrate on structure familiarity with specific words or audios

exercises that focus on reinforcing the muscular tissues that generate speech sounds


Speech disorders influence a person’s capability to produce noises that create words. They are distinct from language disorders, which make it harder for individuals to pick up new words or comprehend what others are saying.

Types of speech disorders consist of stuttering, apraxia, as well as dysarthria. There are lots of feasible root causes of speech conditions, including muscle mass weak point, mind injuries, degenerative conditions, autism, and hearing loss.

A person’s self-worth and way of life in general might be impacted by speech difficulties.. However, speech treatment, breathing workouts, and, sometimes, anti-anxiety medications can help enhance speech as well as decrease signs.

Suniye is an NGO for hearing aid, provides educational programs for hearing impairement and ensures all children from preschool to third class will certainly have the ability to go to college, play, engage, and discover new things with other kids of their age. We teach speech & language therapy to hearing impaired children. We have taught over 1,000+ hearing impaired students over the last 25 years.

What Are Speech and Language Disorders?
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What Are Speech and Language Disorders?
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The various types of speech impairment issues along with their characteristics, signs, underlying causes, medical diagnosis, and speech and language disorders are all are covered in this article.

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